This is a study commissioned by the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports (MCYS) which was conducted by University of Brunei Darussalam (UBD) and CSPS. A sample of 2,868 youth respondents were surveyed and 152 in depth interviews were conducted.
The aim of the study is to try identify common and emerging patterns of social problems among youth between 15 to 26 years old and to determine the causes of such behaviours or occurrences. A Social Problems Index (SPI) was also formulated to measure the severity of each problem.
Nine categories of social problems were studied:
- Violence & Public Disorder
- Drugs & Substance Abuse & Trafficking
- Sexual Deviation
- Personal Safety
- Bully & Exploitation & Abuse
- Financial Hardship
Financial hardship is the most serious problem with a score of 39%, followed by Violence & Public Disorder (33%), Truancy (29%) and Bully & Abuse (22%). Although it is very likely that Brunei Darussalam’s SPI is not to the high levels of other countries, it needs noting that the SPI is not satisfactory and has just about reached the level where immediate policy attention is required.
A number of interrelated possible causes were identified and the Report has been submitted to MCYS.
This paper has been published as a CSPS Working Paper in 2014